What are Corona viruses?

  • Corona viruses are a type of virus.
  • There are many different kinds, and some cause disease.
  • A newly identified type has caused a recent outbreak of respiratory illness
  • now called (COVID-19) that started in China.

How Corona viruses is COVID-19 spread?

Currently update information indicates COVID-19 may be meeting or handshaking from person to person. Community spread or explorer is being seen, also. Community or public spread means people have been infected or involve with the virus in a particular or specific area, including some people who are not sure how or where they became infected. COVID-19 has been detected in people throughout China and in over 130 other countries, including the United States.

The spread of this new corona virus is being Scan or monitored by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), the World Health Organization (WHO) and health organizations (HO) like Johns Hopkins across the globe. On Jan. 30, the World Health Organization declared the COVID-19 outbreak a public health emergency in all over the world.

How new corona virus spread to public or community?

COVID-19 appeared in Wuhan, a city in China, in December 2019. Although health experts or officials are still trying to ducting or tracing the exact source or way of this new corona virus, early hypotheses thought it may be linked or spreads eating to a seafood market in Wuhan, China. Some people or community who visited or travel this market developed viral pneumonia caused by the new corona virus. A study that came out on Jan. 25, 2020, notes that the individual with the first reported case became ill on Dec. 1, 2019, and they corona virus had no link to the seafood market or bazaar. Investigations are ongoing as to how this virus originated and spread.

Medical information

  1. What are the symptoms of COVID-19 infection

The virus can cause mild, flu-like symptoms such as:

  • fever
  • cough
  • difficulty breathing
  • muscle pain
  • tiredness

More serious cases develop severe

  • pneumonia,
  • acute respiratory distress syndrome,
  • sepsis and septic shock that can lead to death.
  1. There are many people life at risk?

  • Generally Old age or elderly people and those with underlying or involve in bad health conditions (e.g.
  • hypertension,
  • diabetes,
  • cardiovascular disease,
  • chronic respiratory disease
  • and
  • cancer)

are considered or infected to be more at risk of developing severe symptoms.

  1. Children are also at risk of infection?

Disease in children appears to be relatively rare and mild. A large study from China suggested that just over 2% of cases were under 18 years of age. Of these, fewer than 3% developed severe or critical disease.

  1. What about pregnant women?

There is limited scientific evidence on the severity of illness in pregnant women after COVID-19 infection. That said, current evidence suggests that severity of illness among pregnant women after COVID-19 infection is similar to that in non-pregnant adult COVID-19 cases, and there is no data that suggests infection with COVID-19 during pregnancy has a negative effect on the fetus. At present, there is no evidence of transmission of COVID-19 from mother to baby occurring during pregnancy. ECDC will continue to screening or monitor the emerging scientific literature on this question, and suggests that all pregnant women follow the same precautions for the prevention of COVID-19, including regular handwashing, avoiding individuals who are sick, and self-isolating in case of any symptoms, while consulting a healthcare provider by telephone for advice.

  1. Is there a treatment for the COVID-19 disease?

There is no specific treatment for this disease, so healthcare providers treat the clinical symptoms (e.g. fever, difficulty breathing) of patients. Supportive care (e.g. fluid management, oxygen therapy etc.) can be highly effective for patients with symptoms.

  1. When should I be tested for COVID-19?

Current advice for testing depends on the stage of the outbreak in the country or area where you live. Countries across the EU/EEA might be in different scenarios, even within the same country, and testing approaches will be adapted to the situation at national and local level.

National authorities may decide to only test subgroups of suspected cases based on the national capacity to test, the availability of necessary equipment for testing, the level of community transmission of COVID-19, or any other criteria. As a rational approach, national authorities may consider prioritizing testing in the following groups:

hospitalized patients with severe respiratory infections;

cases with acute respiratory infections in hospital or long-term care facilities;

patients with acute respiratory infections or influenza-like illness in certain outpatient clinics or hospitals in order to assess the extent of virus circulation in the population;

elderly people with underlying chronic medical conditions such as lung disease, cancer, heart failure, cerebrovascular disease, renal disease, liver disease, diabetes, and uncompromising conditions

  1. Where can I get tested?

If you are feeling ill with COVID-19 symptoms (such as fever, cough, difficulty breathing, muscle pain or tiredness) it is recommended that you contact healthcare services by telephone or online. If your healthcare provider believes there is a need for a laboratory test for the virus that causes COVID-19, he/she will inform you of the procedure to follow and advise where and how the test can be performed.

Prevention

  1. How can I avoid getting infected?

The virus enters your body via your eyes, nose and/or mouth, so it is important to avoid touching your face with unwashed hands.

Washing of hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, or cleaning hands with alcohol-based solutions, gels or tissues is recommended in all settings.

It is also recommended to stay 1 meter or more away from people infected with COVID-19 who are showing symptoms, to reduce the risk of infection through respiratory droplets.

  1. What should I do if I have had close contact with someone who has COVID-19?

Notify public health authorities in your area who will provide guidance on further steps to take. If you develop any symptoms, you should immediately call your healthcare provider for advice, mentioning that you have been in contact with someone with COVID-19.

  1. Are face masks effective in protecting against COVID-19?

If you are infected, the use of surgical face masks may reduce the risk of you infecting other people, but there is no evidence that face masks will effectively prevent you from being infected with the virus. In fact, it is possible that the use of face masks may even increase the risk of infection due to a false sense of security and increased contact between hands, mouth and eyes.

  1. Is there a vaccine against the virus? How long will it take to develop a vaccine?

There are currently no vaccines against human corona viruses, including the virus that causes COVID-19. This is why it is very important to prevent infection and to contain further spread of the virus.

The development of vaccines takes time. Several pharmaceutical companies are working on vaccine candidates. It will, however, take months or years before any vaccine can be widely used, as it needs to undergo extensive testing to determine its safety and efficacy Corona viruses

  1. Am I protected against COVID-19 if I had the influenza vaccine this year?

Influenza and the virus that causes COVID-19 are two very different viruses and the seasonal influenza vaccine will not protect against COVID-19.

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